• Intended adaptation outcomes

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  • Adaptation targets and costs

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Vulnerabily ranking

The Global Climate Risk Index 2017 (CRI) compiled by German Watch is calculated using data from Munich RE NatCatSERVICE on the absolute and relative impacts of extreme climatic events.
Kreft, S. et al. Global Climate Risk Index 2017. Download paper on vulnerabily ranking (2016)

National Biodiversity Index

National Biodiversity Index is based on estimates of each nations’ species richness and endemism in four terrestrial vertebrate classes and vascular plants; vertebrates and plants are ranked equally; index values range between 1.000 (maximum: Indonesia) and 0.000 (minimum: Greenland, not shown in table).

CO2 Emmissions

Emmissions CO2 (kilotonnes) as provided by the World Bank.

ND Gain Index

The ND-GAIN Country Index summarizes a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience. It aims to help governments, businesses and communities better prioritize investments for a more efficient response to the immediate global challenges ahead.

  •  High income group
  •  Upper middle income group
  •  Lower middle income group
  •  Low income group
  •  Not assigned

Afghanistan

AFG

Albania

ALB

Algeria

DZA

Andorra

AND

Angola

AGO

Anguilla

AIA

Antigua and Barbuda

ATG

Argentina

ARG

Armenia

ARM

Aruba

ABW

Australia

AUS

Austria

AUT

Azerbaijan

AZE

Bahamas

BHS

Bahrain

BHR

Bangladesh

BGD

Barbados

BRB

Belarus

BLR

Belgium

BEL

Belize

BLZ

Benin

BEN

Bermuda

BMU

Bhutan

BTN

Bolivia

BOL

Bosnia and Herzegovina

BIH

Botswana

BWA

Brazil

BRA

British Virgin Islands

VGB

Brunei Darussalam

BRN

Bulgaria

BGR

Burkina Faso

BFA

Burundi

BDI

Cabo Verde

CPV

Cambodia

KHM

Cameroon

CMR

Canada

CAN

Cayman Islands

CYM

Central African Republic

CAF

Chad

TCD

Chile

CHL

China

CHN

Christmas Island

CXR

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

CCK

Colombia

COL

Comoros

COM

Congo, Rep.

COG

Cook Islands

COK

Costa Rica

CRI

Côte d’Ivoire

CIV

Croatia

HRV

Cuba

CUB

Cyprus

CYP

Czech Republic

CZE

Dem. Rep. Congo

COD

Denmark

DNK

Djibouti

DJI

Dominica

DMA

Dominican Republic

DOM

Ecuador

ECU

Egypt, Arab Rep.

EGY

El Salvador

SLV

Equatorial Guinea

GNQ

Eritrea

ERI

Estonia

EST

Ethiopia

ETH

Faeroe Islands

FRO

Falkland Islands

FLK

Fiji

FJI

Finland

FIN

France

FRA

French Guiana

GUF

French Polynesia

PYF

Gabon

GAB

Gambia, The

GMB

Georgia

GEO

Germany

DEU

Ghana

GHA

Gibraltar

GIB

Greece

GRC

Greenland

GRL

Grenada

GRD

Guadeloupe

GLP

Guam

GUM

Guatemala

GTM

Guernsey

Guinea

GIN

Guinea Bissau

GNB

Guyana

GUY

Haiti

HTI

Honduras

HND

Hong Kong

HKG

Hungary

HUN

Iceland

ISL

India

IND

Indonesia

IDN

Iran, Islamic Rep.

IRN

Iraq

IRQ

Ireland

IRL

Isle of Man

IMY

Israel

ISR

Italy

ITA

Jamaica

JAM

Japan

JPN

Jersey

Jordan

JOR

Kazakhstan

KAZ

Kenya

KEN

Kiribati

KIR

Kosovo

Kuwait

KWT

Kyrgyz Republic

KGZ

Lao PDR

LAO

Latvia

LVA

Lebanon

LBN

Lesotho

LSO

Liberia

LBR

Libya

LBY

Liechtenstein

LIE

Lithuania

LTU

Luxembourg

LUX

Macao SAR

MAC

Macedonia, FYR

MKD

Madagascar

MDG

Malawi

MWI

Malaysia

MYS

Maldives

MDV

Mali

MLI

Malta

MLT

Marshall Islands

MHL

Martinique

MTQ

Mauritania

MRT

Mauritius

MUS

Mayotte

MYT

Mexico

MEX

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

FSM

Moldova

MDA

Monaco

MCO

Mongolia

MNG

Montenegro

Montserrat

MSR

Morocco

MAR

Mozambique

MOZ

Myanmar

MMR

Namibia

NAM

Nauru

NRU

Nepal

NPL

Netherlands

NLD

Netherlands Antilles

ANT

New Caledonia

NCL

New Zealand

NZL

Nicaragua

NIC

Niger

NER

Nigeria

NGA

Niue

NIU

Norfolk Island

NFK

North Korea

PRK

Northern Mariana Islands

MNP

Norway

NOR

Oman

OMN

Pakistan

PAK

Palau

PLW

Palestine, State of

PS

Panama

PAN

Papua New Guinea

PNG

Paraguay

PRY

Peru

PER

Philippines

PHL

Pitcairn Islands

PCN

Poland

POL

Portugal

PRT

Puerto Rico

PRI

Qatar

QAT

Réunion

REU

Romania

ROM

Russian Federation

RUS

Rwanda

RWA

Saint Barthélemy

Saint Helena

SHN

Saint Kitts and Nevis

KNA

Saint Lucia

LCA

Saint Martin

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

SPM

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

VCT

Samoa, American

ASM

Samoa, Western

WSM

San Marino

SMR

Sao Tome and Principe

STP

Saudi Arabia

SAU

Senegal

SEN

Serbia

SCG

Seychelles

SYC

Sierra Leone

SLE

Singapore

SGP

Slovak Republic

SVK

Slovenia

SVN

Solomon Islands

SLB

Somalia

SOM

South Africa

ZAF

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

SGS

South Korea

KOR

South Sudan

Spain

ESP

Sri Lanka

LKA

Sudan

SDN

Suriname

SUR

Svalbard

SJM

Swaziland

SWZ

Sweden

SWE

Switzerland

CHE

Syrian Arab Republic

SYR

Taiwan

TWN

Tajikistan

TJK

Thailand

THA

Timor-Leste

TLS

Togo

TGO

Tokelau

TKL

Tonga

TON

Trinidad and Tobago

TTO

Tunisia

TUN

Turkey

TUR

Turkmenistan

TKM

Turks and Caicos Islands

TCA

Tuvalu

TUV

Uganda

UGA

Ukraine

UKR

United Arab Emirates

ARE

United Kingdom

GBR

United Republic of Tanzania

TZA

United States of America

USA

United States Virgin Islands

VIR

Uruguay

URY

Uzbekistan

UZB

Vanuatu

VUT

Vatican City

VAT

Venezuela

VEN

Vietnam

VNM

Wallis and Futuna

WLF

Western Sahara

ESH

Yemen, Rep.

YEM

Zambia

ZMB

Zimbabwe

ZWE

Nation

CO2 emmisions (kt)

Bio index

ND Gain Index

Afghanistan

AFG

0.459

9,809

31.3

 

 

Albania

ALB

0.531

5,717

50.6

 

 

Algeria

DZA

0.308

145,400

44.5

 

 

Andorra

AND

0.0

462

0.0

 

 

Angola

AGO

0.641

34,763

35.1

 

 

Anguilla

AIA

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Antigua and Barbuda

ATG

0.0

532

48.3

 

 

Argentina

ARG

0.615

204,025

51.4

 

 

Armenia

ARM

0.559

5,530

53.4

 

 

Aruba

ABW

0.0

873

0.0

 

 

Australia

AUS

0.853

361,262

70.0

 

 

Austria

AUT

0.469

58,712

70.3

 

 

Azerbaijan

AZE

0.534

37,488

50.8

 

 

Bahamas

BHS

0.443

2,417

52.8

 

 

Bahrain

BHR

0.0

31,338

49.2

 

 

Bangladesh

BGD

0.538

73,190

35.2

 

 

Barbados

BRB

0.0

1,272

54.7

 

 

Belarus

BLR

0.368

63,498

57.5

 

 

Belgium

BEL

0.445

93,351

61.9

 

 

Belize

BLZ

0.643

495

41.7

 

 

Benin

BEN

0.618

6,318

35.5

 

 

Bermuda

BMU

0.0

576

0.0

 

 

Bhutan

BTN

0.607

1,001

45.6

 

 

Bolivia

BOL

0.724

20,411

40.8

 

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

BIH

0.532

22,233

49.1

 

 

Botswana

BWA

0.461

7,033

47.6

 

 

Brazil

BRA

0.877

529,808

50.5

 

 

British Virgin Islands

VGB

0.0

180

0.0

 

 

Brunei Darussalam

BRN

0.777

9,109

55.2

 

 

Bulgaria

BGR

0.493

42,416

56.9

 

 

Burkina Faso

BFA

0.526

2,849

34.6

 

 

Burundi

BDI

0.683

440

32.2

 

 

Cabo Verde

CPV

0.0

491

0.0

 

 

Cambodia

KHM

0.568

6,685

39.2

 

 

Cameroon

CMR

0.689

7,004

39.0

 

 

Canada

CAN

0.299

537,193

68.9

 

 

Cayman Islands

CYM

0.0

63,637

0.0

 

 

Central African Republic

CAF

0.509

301

27.5

 

 

Chad

TCD

0.364

730

25.7

 

 

Chile

CHL

0.57

82,563

61.7

 

 

China

CHN

0.839

10,291,927

53.5

 

 

Christmas Island

CXR

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

CCK

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Colombia

COL

0.935

84,092

50.3

 

 

Comoros

COM

0.0

154

39.1

 

 

Congo, Rep.

COG

0.651

3,095

35.3

 

 

Cook Islands

COK

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Costa Rica

CRI

0.82

7,759

53.3

 

 

Côte d’Ivoire

CIV

0.632

11,045

37.6

 

 

Croatia

HRV

0.538

16,843

56.9

 

 

Cuba

CUB

0.703

34,837

45.2

 

 

Cyprus

CYP

0.451

6,062

57.9

 

 

Czech Republic

CZE

0.498

96,475

63.7

 

 

Dem. Rep. Congo

COD

0.651

4,672

29.5

 

 

Denmark

DNK

0.403

33,498

71.0

 

 

Djibouti

DJI

0.43

722

38.4

 

 

Dominica

DMA

0.0

136

56.8

 

 

Dominican Republic

DOM

0.661

21,540

47.2

 

 

Ecuador

ECU

0.873

43,920

44.3

 

 

Egypt, Arab Rep.

EGY

0.326

201,894

46.1

 

 

El Salvador

SLV

0.616

6,285

45.4

 

 

Equatorial Guinea

GNQ

0.714

5,346

35.9

 

 

Eritrea

ERI

0.587

697

26.1

 

 

Estonia

EST

0.436

19,519

62.5

 

 

Ethiopia

ETH

0.593

11,599

34.8

 

 

Faeroe Islands

FRO

0.0

598

0.0

 

 

Falkland Islands

FLK

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Fiji

FJI

0.52

1,170

48.5

 

 

Finland

FIN

0.29

47,301

72.2

 

 

France

FRA

0.423

303,276

66.7

 

 

French Guiana

GUF

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

French Polynesia

PYF

0.0

803

0.0

 

 

Gabon

GAB

0.641

5,192

42.0

 

 

Gambia, The

GMB

0.602

513

37.7

 

 

Georgia

GEO

0.553

8,988

56.9

 

 

Germany

DEU

0.365

719,883

69.6

 

 

Ghana

GHA

0.646

14,466

45.8

 

 

Gibraltar

GIB

0.0

528

0.0

 

 

Greece

GRC

0.55

67,319

58.3

 

 

Greenland

GRL

0.0

506

56.3

 

 

Grenada

GRD

0.0

242

0.0

 

 

Guadeloupe

GLP

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Guam

GUM

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Guatemala

GTM

0.744

18,328

43.2

 

 

Guernsey

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Guinea

GIN

0.603

2,450

37.2

 

 

Guinea Bissau

GNB

0.592

271

32.2

 

 

Guyana

GUY

0.685

2,010

43.8

 

 

Haiti

HTI

0.68

2,860

31.4

 

 

Honduras

HND

0.653

9,472

41.4

 

 

Hong Kong

HKG

0.0

46,223

0.0

 

 

Hungary

HUN

0.441

42,086

58.3

 

 

Iceland

ISL

0.113

1,984

70.1

 

 

India

IND

0.732

2,238,377

42.2

 

 

Indonesia

IDN

1

464,176

45.3

 

 

Iran, Islamic Rep.

IRN

0.471

649,481

50.9

 

 

Iraq

IRQ

0.431

168,444

39.5

 

 

Ireland

IRL

0.279

34,066

65.5

 

 

Isle of Man

IMY

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Israel

ISR

0.601

64,602

61.4

 

 

Italy

ITA

0.512

320,411

60.6

 

 

Jamaica

JAM

0.665

7,422

48.6

 

 

Japan

JPN

0.638

1,214,048

65.0

 

 

Jersey

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Jordan

JOR

0.468

26,450

50.0

 

 

Kazakhstan

KAZ

0.435

248,315

57.4

 

 

Kenya

KEN

0.643

14,287

36.3

 

 

Kiribati

KIR

0.0

62

0.0

 

 

Kosovo

0.423

0

0.0

 

 

Kuwait

KWT

0.224

95,408

49.6

 

 

Kyrgyz Republic

KGZ

0.0

9,608

50.0

 

 

Lao PDR

LAO

0.615

1,955

39.5

 

 

Latvia

LVA

0.42

6,975

60.7

 

 

Lebanon

LBN

0.569

24,070

45.2

 

 

Lesotho

LSO

0.416

2,468

40.0

 

 

Liberia

LBR

0.555

935

32.3

 

 

Libya

LBY

0.24

56,996

40.9

 

 

Liechtenstein

LIE

0.0

44

0.0

 

 

Lithuania

LTU

0.42

12,838

61.3

 

 

Luxembourg

LUX

0.0

9,659

68.8

 

 

Macao SAR

MAC

0.0

1,283

0.0

 

 

Macedonia, FYR

MKD

0.0

7,510

54.9

 

 

Madagascar

MDG

0.813

3,077

33.0

 

 

Malawi

MWI

0.627

1,276

35.5

 

 

Malaysia

MYS

0.809

242,821

56.8

 

 

Maldives

MDV

0.0

1,335

41.0

 

 

Mali

MLI

0.381

1,412

33.6

 

 

Malta

MLT

0.0

2,347

57.0

 

 

Marshall Islands

MHL

0.0

103

0.0

 

 

Martinique

MTQ

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Mauritania

MRT

0.341

2,710

35.8

 

 

Mauritius

MUS

0.0

4,228

55.7

 

 

Mayotte

MYT

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Mexico

MEX

0.928

480,271

50.5

 

 

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

FSM

0.0

150

36.0

 

 

Moldova

MDA

0.454

4,932

49.9

 

 

Monaco

MCO

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Mongolia

MNG

0.358

20,840

53.1

 

 

Montenegro

0.0

2,211

54.1

 

 

Montserrat

MSR

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Morocco

MAR

0.459

59,864

50.6

 

 

Mozambique

MOZ

0.522

8,427

35.2

 

 

Myanmar

MMR

0.628

21,632

34.3

 

 

Namibia

NAM

0.553

3,755

45.4

 

 

Nauru

NRU

0.0

48

0.0

 

 

Nepal

NPL

0.642

8,031

39.5

 

 

Netherlands

NLD

0.412

167,303

66.6

 

 

Netherlands Antilles

ANT

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

New Caledonia

NCL

0.0

4,290

0.0

 

 

New Zealand

NZL

0.52

34,664

73.8

 

 

Nicaragua

NIC

0.643

4,862

42.6

 

 

Niger

NER

0.412

2,127

30.5

 

 

Nigeria

NGA

0.548

96,281

37.9

 

 

Niue

NIU

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Norfolk Island

NFK

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

North Korea

PRK

0.0

40,528

0.0

 

 

Northern Mariana Islands

MNP

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Norway

NOR

0.297

47,627

76.0

 

 

Oman

OMN

0.358

61,169

52.1

 

 

Pakistan

PAK

0.495

166,298

38.8

 

 

Palau

PLW

0.0

260

0.0

 

 

Palestine, State of

PS

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Panama

PAN

0.793

8,801

50.2

 

 

Papua New Guinea

PNG

0.775

6,318

35.4

 

 

Paraguay

PRY

0.613

5,702

47.5

 

 

Peru

PER

0.843

61,745

50.1

 

 

Philippines

PHL

0.786

105,654

42.9

 

 

Pitcairn Islands

PCN

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Poland

POL

0.367

285,740

63.7

 

 

Portugal

PRT

0.511

45,053

62.0

 

 

Puerto Rico

PRI

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Qatar

QAT

0.189

107,854

53.7

 

 

Réunion

REU

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Romania

ROM

0.424

70,003

53.0

 

 

Russian Federation

RUS

0.447

1,705,346

59.8

 

 

Rwanda

RWA

0.726

840

42.4

 

 

Saint Barthélemy

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Saint Helena

SHN

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Saint Kitts and Nevis

KNA

0.0

231

55.6

 

 

Saint Lucia

LCA

0.0

407

52.7

 

 

Saint Martin

0.0

733

0.0

 

 

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

SPM

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

VCT

0.0

209

55.8

 

 

Samoa, American

ASM

0.0

0

46.1

 

 

Samoa, Western

WSM

0.0

198

0.0

 

 

San Marino

SMR

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Sao Tome and Principe

STP

0.0

114

42.1

 

 

Saudi Arabia

SAU

0.281

601,047

54.3

 

 

Senegal

SEN

0.512

8,856

39.5

 

 

Serbia

SCG

0.0

37,667

51.1

 

 

Seychelles

SYC

0.0

495

48.2

 

 

Sierra Leone

SLE

0.652

1,309

37.1

 

 

Singapore

SGP

0.0

56,373

69.9

 

 

Slovak Republic

SVK

0.0

30,678

59.0

 

 

Slovenia

SVN

0.558

12,812

65.9

 

 

Solomon Islands

SLB

0.599

202

38.6

 

 

Somalia

SOM

0.527

609

20.2

 

 

South Africa

ZAF

0.714

489,772

50.3

 

 

South Korea

KOR

0.0

587,156

67.2

 

 

South Sudan

0.0

1,496

0.0

 

 

Spain

ESP

0.486

233,977

62.9

 

 

Sri Lanka

LKA

0.656

18,394

46.1

 

 

Sudan

SDN

0.539

15,365

30.2

 

 

Suriname

SUR

0.623

1,991

45.2

 

 

Svalbard

SJM

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Swaziland

SWZ

0.609

0

38.0

 

 

Sweden

SWE

0.304

43,421

71.6

 

 

Switzerland

CHE

0.497

35,306

71.3

 

 

Syrian Arab Republic

SYR

0.469

30,704

39.2

 

 

Taiwan

TWN

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Tajikistan

TJK

0.0

5,189

42.9

 

 

Thailand

THA

0.67

316,213

52.9

 

 

Timor-Leste

TLS

0.0

469

39.9

 

 

Togo

TGO

0.693

2,622

38.2

 

 

Tokelau

TKL

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Tonga

TON

0.0

121

41.1

 

 

Trinidad and Tobago

TTO

0.691

46,274

47.8

 

 

Tunisia

TUN

0.408

28,830

49.6

 

 

Turkey

TUR

0.572

345,981

56.3

 

 

Turkmenistan

TKM

0.445

68,423

40.0

 

 

Turks and Caicos Islands

TCA

0.0

205

0.0

 

 

Tuvalu

TUV

0.0

11

0.0

 

 

Uganda

UGA

0.655

5,229

35.5

 

 

Ukraine

UKR

0.415

227,299

52.4

 

 

United Arab Emirates

ARE

0.392

211,370

59.1

 

 

United Kingdom

GBR

0.32

419,820

69.4

 

 

United Republic of Tanzania

TZA

0.674

11,562

36.8

 

 

United States of America

USA

0.677

5,254,279

68.0

 

 

United States Virgin Islands

VIR

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Uruguay

URY

0.487

6,747

54.3

 

 

Uzbekistan

UZB

0.436

105,214

46.6

 

 

Vanuatu

VUT

0.393

154

38.3

 

 

Vatican City

VAT

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Venezuela

VEN

0.85

185,220

42.4

 

 

Vietnam

VNM

0.682

166,911

46.8

 

 

Wallis and Futuna

WLF

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Western Sahara

ESH

0.0

0

0.0

 

 

Yemen, Rep.

YEM

0.387

22,699

33.6

 

 

Zambia

ZMB

0.537

4,503

38.8

 

 

Zimbabwe

ZWE

0.586

12,020

33.1

 

 

% contribution of CO2 emissions of different income group types

Income groups (as set by the World Bank)

CO2 emissions vs Biodiversity index

Emmissions CO2 (kilotonnes) as provided by the World Bank