Ecosystem-based adaptation consists of the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an integrated adaptation strategy to assist human communities to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.
Promote agro-forestry practices as a way of diversifying land production systems and promoting alternative livelihood options.
Promote afforestation of degraded landscapes/watersheds using multiuse forest species to increase community safety nets and diversify livelihoods.
Develop forest reserves and management plans to protect watersheds and improve future water availability.
Establish conservancies and protected areas to buffer local communities and biodiversity against climate change impacts.
Establish water points for wildlife in protected areas to reduce the negative effects of droughts on animal populations.
Introduce an integrated natural resource management approach.