Nepal

  • Income group: low income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.642
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 8,031
  • Population: 26,494,504
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • No details in adaptation plan
  • Medium climate risk
Vision Statement

Nepal’s Climate Change Policy (2011) envisions a country spared from the adverse impacts of climate change, by considering climate justice, through the pursuit of environmental conservation, human development, and sustainable development –all contributing towards a prosperous society.

[…] aims to put in place forest carbon trade and payment mechanism and mainstream community/ecosystem-based adaptation by 2025.

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Highly vulnerable groups
  • Transport / infrastructure
  • Energy
  • Rural population
  • Settlements in general
  • Urban population
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
    • Economy
    • Sustainable development / green growth
    • Livelihood security
    • Protect natural capital / ecosystem services
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Investment in climate change research / monitoring
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Institutional capacity building
    • Community capacity building
    • Raising public awareness
 

Current Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

More than 25,000 community-based forest management groups across the country are directly engaged in managing about 30% of the country’s total forest area. These community-based organizations are not only contributing to sequestering carbon dioxide by sustainable management of forest resources but also playing effective roles in designing and implementing Community Adaptation Plans of Action (CAPAs) based on forests and non-forests benefits.

The forests and watersheds lying on the chain of Siwalik hills are also being managed on the basis of upstream-downstream linkages in which both the forest ecosystems in the Siwalik and the fertile cultivated land in the down south are taken into consideration as complementing to each other.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Nepal will undertake scientific (bio-physical as well as social sciences) approaches to understand and deal with the impacts of climate change in mountains, hills and lowland ecosystems and landscapes. It will develop and implement adaptation strategies for climate change affected sectors.

Nepal will maintain 40% of the total area of the country under forest cover and forest productivity and products will be increased through sustainable management of forests. Emphasis will equally be given to enhance carbon sequestration and forest carbon storage and improve forest governance.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Mainstream community/ecosystem-based adaptation by 2025.

Maintain 40% of the total area of the country under forest cover and forest productivity.

Forestry Sector Strategy (2016-2025) aims to enhance Nepal’s forest carbon stock by at least 5% by 2025 as compared to 2015 level, and to decrease mean annual deforestation rate by 0.05% from about 0.44% and 0.18% in the Terai and Siwalik hills respectively. It also aims to put in place forest carbon trade and payment mechanism and mainstream community/ecosystem-based adaptation by 2025.