Myanmar

  • Income group: lower middle income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.628
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 21,632
  • Population: 48,724,000
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Some detail in adaptation plan
  • High climate risk
Vision Statement

Eco-system based approaches to adaptation at township level will be tested during the course of 2016-18, including a vulnerability analysis of the following elements: urban planning, infrastructure development, environmental risk and livelihood patterns.

Papers based on country

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Highly vulnerable groups
  • Transport / infrastructure
  • Forestry
  • Energy
  • Rural population
  • Urban settlements
  • Urban population
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
    • Economy
    • Sustainable development / green growth
    • Livelihood security
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Investment in climate change research / monitoring
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Institutional capacity building
    • Community capacity building
    • Raising public awareness
 

Current Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

In the forestry sector, project examples include restoring degraded and sensitive forest areas through community based reforestation and enhancing rural livelihoods in degraded watershed areas, coastal areas and northern hilly regions.

Ministries are streamlining adaptation to climate change in their planning. The agriculture sector is implementing climate smart agriculture approaches through implementation actions such as legume crops diversification, measures in the agro-forestry sector and systematic control of soil quality and irrigation water. In addition, Myanmar is working to reduce climate change vulnerability and reduce poverty in rural areas and for subsistence farmers as a priority. Crop varieties are being researched with the involvement of universities, research institutions and local communities across the country for example. For instance, research is being carried out on the resilience of rice varieties’ resilience to drought, flood tolerance, salt tolerance and into alternative varieties that are resistant to pests and disease.

The Forest Department within MOECAF is focusing on the sustainability of watersheds and to prevent sedimentation inside dams and reservoirs by drafting a National Watershed Management Policy (2014) and formulating Action Plans for establishing watershed plantations in watershed areas of major dams, reservoirs and water sources. Approaches on eco-system based adaptation are being explored, for instance by the UNDP and by MCCA programme with MOECAF.

In the catchment areas of rivers, streams, lakes and dams, forest plantations, agroforestry practice, community forestry have been done and also to reduce soil erosion, contour bunds, sediment trapping dams.

Conserving natural springs and bioengineering measures are being done.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Eco-system based approaches to adaptation at township level will be tested during the course of 2016-18, including a vulnerability analysis of the following elements: urban planning, infrastructure development, environmental risk and livelihood patterns. This will be followed by implementation of solutions to identified issues.