Ethiopia

  • Income group: low income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.593
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 11,599
  • Population: 84,320,987
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Detailed adaptation plan
  • Medium-low climate risk
Vision Statement

Enhance the adaptive capacity of ecosystems, communities and infrastructure through an ecosystem rehabilitation approach in the highlands of Ethiopia.

Rehabilitation of degraded lands/forests will also increase resilience of communities, infrastructures and ecosystems to droughts and floods.

Papers based on country

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Highly vulnerable groups
  • Transport / infrastructure
  • Energy
  • Rural population
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
    • Economy
    • Livelihood security
    • Protect natural capital / ecosystem services
    • Energy security
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Community capacity building
    • Health research / action
    • Resilient livelihoods
    • Risk transfer initiatives
 

Current Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Ethiopia requires substantial resources to limit the emission of its GHGs and to build resilience to climate shocks. To this end, Ethiopia has already committed significant resources to reduce GHGs and build resilience, including for the implementation of: Afforestation and land rehabilitation interventions.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Improve and diversify economic opportunities from agroforestry and sustainable afforestation of degraded forest areas.

Enhance the adaptive capacity of ecosystems, communities and infrastructure through an ecosystem rehabilitation approach in the highlands of Ethiopia. Rehabilitation of degraded lands/forests will also increase resilience of communities, infrastructures and ecosystems to droughts and floods.

Create biodiversity movement corridors, especially up towards higher terrain, in areas where most of the land is under cultivation. This will minimize biodiversity loss through enabling the re-establishment and movement of plant and animal species and varieties to areas suitable for their survival when temperature rises.