Eritrea

  • Income group: low income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.587
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 697
  • Population: 5,581,000
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Detailed adaptation plan
  • Low climate risk
Vision Statement

Eritrea intends to undertake mitigation and adaptation initiatives to reduce the vulnerability of its population, environment and economy to the adverse effects of climate change, based on its Climate Resilient Sustainable Economy Development policy for addressing both climate change adaptation and mitigation goals.

To arrest land degradation and hence to adapt climate change measures are underway to rehabilitate degraded land and protect forest from deforestation.

Land Resource Management:
Being the most critical resources upon which the livelihoods for the rural population of Eritrea depends, its conservation from all forms of degradation is the priority of the government.

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Highly vulnerable groups
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
    • Economy
    • Sustainable development / green growth
    • Livelihood security
    • Protect natural capital / ecosystem services
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Investment in climate change research / monitoring
    • Institutional capacity building
    • Community capacity building
    • Raising public awareness
    • Health research / action
    • Resilient livelihoods
    • Risk transfer initiatives
 

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Promotion of Conservation Agriculture/Climate Smart Agriculture.

Rehabilitate degraded land program for agriculture.

To arrest land degradation and hence to adapt climate change measures are underway to rehabilitate degraded land and protect forest from deforestation.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Promotion of Conservation Agriculture/Climate Smart Agriculture in 5% of the cultivable land.

Rehabilitations degraded land program for agriculture over 250,000 ha.

Sustainable Land Management practice will be implemented in 15% of Eritrean total land covered.

Afforestation program will cover over 36,000 ha.
Development of terrestrial and marine protected area over 1.5 million ha.