El Salvador

  • Income group: lower middle income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.616
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 6,285
  • Population: 6,183,000
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Detailed adaptation plan
  • Medium-high climate risk

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Fisheries
  • Highly vulnerable groups
  • Transport / infrastructure
  • Forestry
  • Energy
  • Rural population
  • Tourism
  • Urban settlements
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Human well-being / health
    • Economy
    • Sustainable development / green growth
    • Energy security
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Investment in climate change research / monitoring
    • Institutional capacity building
    • Health research / action
    • Resilient livelihoods
    • Risk transfer initiatives
  • Broad type of hybrid action
    • Climate Smart Agriculture
    • Resilient water infrastructure \n / water management
    • Resilient energy infrastructure \n / energy management
    • Resilient urban settlements
 

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

By 2030, El Salvador will establish and manage one million hectares through “Sustainable Landscapes Resilient to Climate Change”. This is an integrated approach to landscape restoration, where forest areas will be rehabilitated and conserved, biological corridors will be established through the adoption of resilient agroforestry systems and transformation of agricultural areas with low carbon sustainable practices, and seeking Neutrality in Degradation of the Lands. In this framework, the current tree cover – 27% of the territory – will be conserved – maintaining natural areas, including mangroves, agroforestry systems and existing forest plantations. In addition, forest carbon stocks will be improved, increasing coverage in 25% of the territory, with agroforestry systems and reforestation activities in critical areas such as gallery forests, water recharge areas, and landslide areas.

In the period 2018-2025, El Salvador will carry out investments in flood control lagoons in the Metropolitan Area of

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Establish and manage one million hectares through Sustainable Landscapes Resilient to Climate Change.
Current tree cover – 27% of the territory – will be conserved.

Forest carbon stocks will be improved, increasing coverage in 25% of the territory.