Ecuador

  • Income group: upper middle income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.873
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 43,920
  • Population: 15,403,100
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Some detail in adaptation plan
  • Medium-low climate risk
Vision Statement

To guarantee the rights of nature and promote environmental, sustainability globally. 

These articles determine that Nature, or “Pacha Mama”, where life transpires and is reproduced, has the right to integral respect for its existence, maintenance and regeneration of its life cycles, structure, functions and evolutionary processes; and that is has the right to restoration, apart from the obligation of the State and natural persons or legal entities to compensate individuals and communities that depend on affected natural systems.

To manage water heritage sustainably and taking into account participation of people, using a watershed and ecological flow approach to ensure the human right to water. Ecosystem and forest protection as well as the strengthening of the national protected areas systems play a crucial role for the combat of climate change.

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Transport / infrastructure
  • Energy
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
    • Protect natural capital / ecosystem services
    • Energy security
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Investment in climate change research / monitoring
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Institutional capacity building
    • Community capacity building
    • Resilient livelihoods
  • Broad type of hybrid action
    • Climate Smart Agriculture
    • Resilient water infrastructure \n / water management
    • Coastal / marine
    • Resilient energy infrastructure \n / energy management
 

Current Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Measures including the application of silvopasture systems; the incorporation of climate change adaptation systems in the zoning of rural areas; the creation of germplasm banks, the use of species that contribute to decreasing erosion; diversification of species more resistant to climate change; among others.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Conservation of protected areas, management of carbon stocks and establishment of water recollection systems. Identification of areas vulnerable to draught and land degradation in order to promote sustainable land management practices and water catchment systems.

In the ecosystem sector, actions implemented will focus on maintaining these areas and implementing further analyses regarding the need to increase them based on ecosystem dynamics and the potential distribution of species based on climate change scenarios. This will foster biologic terrestrial and marine and coastal biodiversity conservation.

Furthermore, climate change criterion will be incorporated and implemented in the management plans for protected areas as well as in studies on the dynamics of terrestrial and marine and coastal ecosystems, their population and their relations with fulfilling human necessities, particularly in light of possible climate change scenarios.