Hybrid Actions

Hybrid actions are adaptation interventions which combine engineered, nature-based and/or indirect actions. Key examples that combine engineered and nature-based actions include integrated coastal zone management and climate smart agriculture (e.g. local irrigation schemes, drought tolerant or resilient seed varieties). Resilient water infrastructure, meanwhile, combines engineered and indirect measures (e.g. dams, irrigation schemes, upgraded embankments, etc). Scroll down to explore the types of hybrid measures included in the NDCs and how their inclusion varies by region and vulnerability to climate change.

Hybrid approaches were particularly prevalent in lower income nations

For example, all but one of 31 NDCs from low income nations (97%) and all but five of 50 lower middle income countries (90%) describe climate-smart agriculture in their adaptation actions. Explore the map below to see how different hybrid approaches appear in the NDCs of the world's nations.

Hybrid actions are included in 84% of NDCs with adaptation plans

Hybrid adaptation actions were included in the NDCs of nations right across the globe. Climate-smart agriculture is particularly popular, appearing in two-thirds of all NDCs with adaptation plans.

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